French Defense - Advance Variation & Sidelines 


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Content  (28 Articles)

Introduction and Free Preview  Free
  • Chapter 1 - Advance Variation - Sidelines on Move 4  Closed
  • Chapter 2 - Advance Variation - 4.Nf3  Closed
  • Chapter 3 - Advance Variation - Sidelines on moves 5 and 6  Closed
  • Chapter 4 - Advance Variation - 6.Bd3  Closed
  • Chapter 5 - Advance Variation - 6.Na3  Closed
  • Chapter 6 - Advance Variation - 6.Be2 (Part 1)  Closed
  • Chapter 7 - Advance Variation - 6.Be2 (Part 2)  Closed
  • Chapter 8 - Advance Variation - 6.a3 - Sidelines  Closed
  • Chapter 9 - Advance Variation - 6.a3 & 8.Be2  Closed
  • Chapter 10 - Advance Variation - 8.g3 (Part 1)  Closed
  • Chapter 11 - Advance Variation - 8.g3 (Part 2)  Closed
  • Chapter 12 - Exchange Variation - Introduction  Closed
  • Chapter 13 - Exchange Variation - 5.Bg5  Closed
  • Chapter 14 - Exchange Variation - 5.Bd3 (Part 1)  Closed
  • Chapter 15 - Exchange Variation - 5.Bd3 (Part 2)  Closed
  • Chapter 16 - Miezis Variation  Closed
  • Chapter 17 - 2.Nf3 d5 3.e5  Closed
  • Chapter 18 - 2.Nf3 d5 3.Nc3  Closed
  • Chapter 19 - 2.b3  Closed
  • Chapter 20 - 2.f4 d5 3.e5  Closed
  • Chapter 21 - 2.Nf3 d5 3.Nc3  Closed
  • Chapter 22 - 2.d3 & 7.Nc3  Closed
  • Chapter 23 - 2.d3 & 7.c4  Closed
  • Chapter 24 - 2.d3 & 7.Nbd2  Closed
  • Chapter 25 - Odds and Ends  Closed
  • Update (January 2020) - L'Ami, Erwin - Shirov, Alexei  Closed
  • Update (January 2020) - De Rosa, Mariagrazia - Marin, Mihail  Closed
  • 19.90 EUR



    The first two databases have been dedicated to the most popular options to meet the French - 3.Nd2 and 3.Nc3 respectively. In his third and final part, Marin is dealing with the other White's alternatives on the very first moves. He is providing adequate antidotes, both based on strategical ground and by concrete ideas or move orders.

    The included material resembles a small encyclopedia from Black's point of view. It is structured into 25 chapters. The last 9 are covering the less popular continuations on move 2, as well as the unusual ways of defending the attacked central pawn after 2.d4 d5 in the final one.  Before them, another 5 are devoted to its exchange - 3.exd5 exd5.


    The author examines both the symmetrical position after 4.Nf3 Nf6 (chapters 12-15) and 4.c4 (chapter 16), by which White shows readiness to play with an isolated central pawn himself.

    The database starts with a review of 3.e5 and the explanation that ‘’The Advance/Nimzovich System is the third most important way to meet the French. By defining the central structure at once, White strongly restricts Black's possibilities, which may be psychologically effective against players who prefer to answer 3.Nd2 and 3.Nc3 with 3...dxe4 or other lines with an open centre‘’. In reply Marin recommends 3...c5


    At this point, Marin states that "it is hard to imagine a position where this thematical way of undermining the centre is more natural than here". The position arising after 4.c3 Nc6 5.Nf3 Qb6 is the subject of the chapters 3-11.


    In this position, by far, White's main move is 6.a3.

    This is the preference of the modern guru of this variation for White Evgeny Sveshnikov. The main line goes on with 6...c4 7.Nbd2 Na5 and a complex strategical battle to follow.


    By closing the center, Black deprives the opponent of the intended 7.b4 and suppresses any early aggression. 4 chapters are used for revealing the plans and the subtleties in the ensuing middlegame.


    The review of the Advance variation (3.e5 c5) begins with a small section of two chapters, in which the reader will get an impression on the most important alternatives of the usual 4.c3.

    Chapter 1 deals mainly with early queen sorties to g4.

    4.dxc5 Bxc5 5.Qg4 runs into the vigorous 5...Ne7!


    6.Qxg7 Rg8 7.Qxh7 Qb6 8.Nh3 Nbc6 9.f4 Bd7


    After castling, Black will have all his pieces involved into play. It is unlikely that his opponent can defend for long. Later in the database, one can find ''But generally, if there is a worthy alternative I prefer to refrain from early pawn grabbing.'' A brief look at this sample line justifies the author's point of view.

    4.Qg4 is more popular.


    Marin writes ''The early queen incursion is more typical after Black has developed his king's bishop (most frequently in the 3.Nc3 Bb4 lines). In the current position, it fails to gain a tempo by attacking g7, but tries to prepare a slow kingside attack based on massing the pieces on this wing. The drawback of the last move: It neglects the fight for the central squares, implying at least a temporary pawn sacrifice.'' His last sentence is immediately confirmed by 4...Nc6 5.Nf3 cxd4 6.Bd3 Qc7!


    7.Qg3 (7.Bf4 Nb4! is the big point behind Black's last move) 7...f6! (completely ruining White's center) 8.exf6 Qxg3 9.f7+ Kxf7 10.hxg3


    At this point, the author comes up with a fresh and strong idea 10...Bd6!. Black intends to advance his own e-pawn under the best possible conditions. After 11.Ng5 Ke7 the h7-pawn can be taken, but Black's preponderance in the center will tell quickly.

    Chapter 2 -  4.Nf3


    Much more logical - White is striving for a speedy development. The main line goes 4...Nc6 5.Bd3 cxd4 6.0-0 Nge7


    Black is preparing to attack the second central pawn, which has to be defended by pieces.

    For example, after 7.Re1 Ng6 8.Nbd2 Qc7 9.Bxg6 hxg6, the move 10.Nb3 does not stop the break 10...f6.


    Black has a comfortable equality at least.

    White can transfer his bishop - 7.Bf4 Ng6 8.Bg3


    According to Marin, this maneuver is well met by 8...Be7 9.Nbd2 f5! 10.exf6 gxf6


    Black has kept his extra pawn so far and has an impressive central structure. White needs to look for ways to grab the initiative based on the king's relative exposure.

    Chapter 3 - 4.c3 Nc6 - Sidelines on moves 5 and 6.

    4.c3 Nc6 5.Nf3 Qb6 is the initial position of the suggested repertoire by Marin against the main line of the Advance Variation.


    In this chapter, he is demonstrating that minor deviations on move 5, such as 5.f4 or 5.Be3, cannot disturb Black. Even more, bringing the knight to f5 via h6 or e7 in combination with c:d4 and Qb6 targets the d4-pawn and White is facing difficulties in keeping it, for instance, after 5.f4 Qb6 6.Nf3 Nh6 7.Bd3 cxd4 8.cxd4 Bd7 9.Bc2


    the continuation 9...Nb4! 10.Nc3 Nxc2 11.Qxc2 Nf5 12.Qf2 h5! gives Black an excellent play.

    According to the main text, Black has also the upper hand in case of 5.Nf3 Qb6 6.Qb3


    The play may continue 6...Qxb3 7.axb3 cxd4 8.cxd4 Bd7 9.Bd2 f6! 10.exf6 gxf6. Black has the advantage due to the better pawn structure.

    Chapter 4 - 6.Bd3


    In this position, Marin suggests 6...cxd4! (much better than 6...Bd7 7.dxc5! when White can try to establish a blockade on the d4-square) 7.cxd4 Bd7


    With his last move, Black practically forces White to sacrifice his central pawn as 8.Bc2 Nb4 9.0-0 Nxc2 10.Qxc2 Ne7 and 11...Nf5 is quite similar to the aforementioned line. Black is fine even with the enemy f-pawn still on its initial square.

    Critical is 8.0-0 Nxd4


     At this point, the author deals with three continuations - 9.Ng5, 9.Nxd4 and 9.Nbd2. Definitely, in most of the lines, White has some compensation for the pawn but nothing more. With a correct play, Black is able to gradually extinguish White's initiative.

    Chapter 5 - 6.Na3


    Directing the knight to c2 for overprotecting the center. Black can safely mobilize his queenside - 6...cxd4 7.cxd4 Bd7 and meet 8.Nc2 with 8...Nb4.


    Trading the light-squared bishops (prepared by ...a6, if necessary) seems inevitable and will be an achievement for him. Marin follows the course of Efimenko-Fridman - 9.Ne3 Bb5 10.a3 Nc6 11.Be2 a6 12.Bxb5 Qxb5 13.Bd2 a5 14.Bc3 Nge7 15.Ng1 and comes up with a logical improvement of 15...a4! correctly observing that Black must concentrate his efforts on the queenside.

    The next two chapters feature the second 6th move in popularity - 6.Be2.


    Once again, Black has no reason to postpone the center exchange and another important position arises after 6...cxd4 7.cxd4 Nge7


    White must take an important decision since Black is planning to follow with ...Nf5 on the next move.

    Chapter 6 - 8.Nc3


    This is an attempt to provide the d4-pawn with indirect defense in view of Na4. But the knight will stand badly on the board edge, offering Black additional options for counterplay.

    In this chapter, Marin also deals with 8.b3. This move, however, is not very good since 8...Nf5 9.Bb2 Bb4 deprives White of castling rights. Later on, will start preparing f7-f6 by means of ...Be7, and ...0-0.

    The main position of the chapter is reached after 8.Nc3 Nf5 9.Na4 Qa5+


    In this position, White has a choice between 10.Kf1 and 10.Bd2. In his analysis, Marin proves that none of these continuations manages to create problems for Black.

    Chapter 7 - 8.Na3


    Black's strategy does not differ much from the one against 6.Na3 in Chapter 5. The main position of the chapter is being reached after 8...Nf5 9.Nc2 Bd7 10.0-0 Rc8


    A useful move, completing the mobilization of the queenside while keeping the options for both Na5 and the familiar Nb4, preparing Bb5. At this point, White has a number of possibilities - 11.b3, 11.Rb1, 11.Bd3, 11.a3, and the fashionable 11.Kh1. With a correct play, Black manages to create a sufficient counterplay in all these lines.

    The next four chapters are dedicated to White's main continuation -  6.a3.


    This is the classical main line and the most ambitious one. White intends to neutralize Black's pressure with b2-b4. The main drawback of this move is the weakening of the b3-square, which justifies Black's 6...c4


    At this point, it would be very instructive to see what the author has to say about this position:

    "The point is that White will not find it easy to open the queenside with b2-b3 (b4), as this would create a new weakness on c4. Besides, the last move prevents the most active white bishop's development to d3 and also restricts other white pieces to some extent. Black can try to stabilize the queenside and castle long. Since White must castle short, the main events are likely to take place on the kingside. Even though White has a space advantage on that wing, the king's presence usually makes the situation double-edged."

    The first important crossroads in this line is being reached after 7.Nbd2 Na5


    The position on the diagram is the subject of the next four chapters. 

    In Chapter 8, Marin deals with White's rare alternatives on move 8. Together with the relatively inoffensive 8.h4 and 8.Rb1, the author covers an interesting gambit idea for White - 8.b4 cxb3 9.Bb2


    A brave idea, similar to the wing gambit 2.Nf3 d5 3.e5 c5 4.b4, which will be the subject of Chapter 17. The difference is the mobility of the c-pawn, on which White is putting his hopes. However, Black can continue with the common 9...Bd7 and ignore the pawn march - 10.c4 Ne7! 11.c5 Qc7 12.Bd3 Ba4. The usual answer is 13.Rc1 and here Marin refines the known move order with 13...b6 instead of 13...b5. After that pawn exchange, White can hardly compensate the material deficit.   

    Chapter 9 - 8.Be2


    A natural developing move, the main continuation 8.g3 is examined in the next two chapters. In all of these branches, a tense maneuvering is expected and the reader is well-advised to consider the plans, proposed by the author and his assessments.  Below some of them are quoted in order to make the moves easier to be understood.

    After 8...Bd7 9.0-0 Ne7 10.Rb1 Marin gives 10...h6 with the following explanation


    ''Now and later this modest and mysterious move is useful, even though Black can choose a slightly later moment to play it. It not only prevents Ng5 and Bg5 but also creates the possibility of a counterattack with ...g7-g5.''

    We can find another interesting comment after 11.Re1 Qc7 12.Nf1 Nc8


    ''We will see a lot of this regrouping, which is my favorite plan, even though not the only one possible. By transferring the knight to b6 and the bishop to a4, Black completely stabilizes the queenside.'' 

    Later on, in his annotations, Marin demonstrates that after consolidating the queenside, Black often stars active actions on the kingside.

    Chapter 10: 8.g3 followed by 9.Bg2


    This is considered the main line. By developing his bishop to g2 or h3, White gets some more space for his pieces in the center.

    Black usually reacts in the same way - 8...Bd7 9.Bg2 Ne7 10.0-0 h6


    This is one of the cases where Black does better to tread with care. The familiar plan initiated by 10...Qc7 can be met with 11.Ne1 followed by f4-f5. The last move invites White to define his intentions. In general, Black is advised to opt for ...Qc7 if White had already blocked the e1-square by means of Re1. In his annotations to this chapter, the author is showing the optimal piece against each White's plan.

    Chapter 11 - 8.g3 Bd7 9.h4


    This is intended to be an improved version of the previous line. White prepares the bishop's development to h3 while also gaining space. As we have already pointed out, this line is not characterized by a forced play. That is why in his analysis, Marin deals with a number of move orders and piece arrangements. Nevertheless, the main ideas remain unchanged. One of the interesting positions of this line arises after 9...Ne7 10.Bh3 h6 11.0-0 Qc7


    It is important to point out that in response to 12.Ne1 0-0-0 13.f4 Black can establish a blockading knight on f5, while 12.h5 forces the second player to show precision with 12...0-0-0! 13.Nh4 g5! (''A well-timed move, before White plays f2-f4'') with good chances after 14.Ng2 Bg7.

    Chapter 12: 3.exd5 exd5


    The Exchange Variation is usually considered as a sign of peaceful intentions. Marin is sharing his experience of how to play for a win as Black. The choice to rely on c7-c5 and agree to an isolated central pawn is not surprising and corresponds to his opening strategy against 3.Nd2. 4...c5 is recommended in reply to 4.Bd3 and other minor alternatives. The only exception is 4.Nf3, to which preference is given to the preliminary 4...Nf6.


    The author is also providing high-level examples with other developing moves like 4...Bg4 and 4...Bd6.  

    Chapter 13 - 5.Bg5 


    One of the two main continuations. Black has many sensible moves, but the ambitious plan, starting with 5...Be6 deserves serious attention. After 6.Nbd2 Nbd7 7.Bd3 Black is chasing the bishop - 7...h6 8.Bh4 g5 9.Bg3 Nh5, which has been successfully used by the author on two occasions.


    His opponents prepared to castle long by 10.Qe2 only to find themselves pretty soon on the defensive side. In Vedmediuc - Marin, Black even had a couple of attractive opportunities for his beloved break c7-c5, see the notes to the game.

    Chapter 14 - 5.Bd3


    A natural developing move. True to himself, Marin opts for 5...c5, aiming at active piece play. After the premature capture 6.dxc5 Bxc5 7.0-0 0-0, he is presenting two exemplary games of his.


    White found himself in a deep trouble as early as on move 11 after 8.Nbd2 Nc6 9.Nb3 Bb6 10.c3 Bg4 11.Be2 Re8 in Baches Garcia - Marin.

    A better try was 8.Nc3 Nc6 9.Bg5 Be6 10.Qd2 Re8


    This position occurred in the game Deac - Marin, when ’’Black has some more space due to his well defended and unblocked isolani’’ according to the author.

    Chapter 15 - 5.Bd3 c5 6.0-0


    This is the critical continuation, aiming to provoke Black into wasting a tempo when re-capturing on c5. Тhe game Colovic - Marin followed the course of Baches Garcia - Marin with an extra move Rf1-e1 for White - 6...Nc6 7.Re1 Be7 8.dxc5 0-0 9.Nbd2 Bxc5 10.Nb3 Bb6.


    In spite of this difference, the first player could not claim more than equality after 11.h3 Ne4! 12.Be3 Bf5 13.Nbd4 Bg6.

    Chapter 16 - 3.exd5 exd5 4.c4


    Known as the Miezis variation - it is White who desires to play with an isolated pawn! A natural continuation is 4...Bb4 5.Nc3 Nf6 6.Nf3 0-0


    At this point, White has a number of options at his disposal. In his annotations, Marin covers 7.Bd3, 7.Be2, 7.Bg5 and 7.a3. Black holds his own after each of these continuations. In a case of 7.a3, the play might get extremely sharp. In this line, Marin provides a strong novelty which forces White to be precise in order to keep the balance.

    The coverage of White's not so popular replies to 1...e6 is starting with 2.Nf3, divided into two separate parts after the usual 2...d5.

    Chapter 17 features the wing gambit 3.e5 c5 4.b4 cxb4 5.d4


    At the cost of a pawn White has built a stable center and hopes to create threats on the kingside. However, 5...Bd7 casts serious doubts on this idea. For example, 6.Be2/d3 can effectively be countered by 6...Qa5 with 7...Bb5 coming next. Besides, Marin also comes up with a more complicated version - 6.Bd3 Ne7 7.a3 Nbc6 8.axb4 Nxb4 taken from an old game of David Bronstein.


    At this point, in response to the obvious 9.Be2, Marin explains why the novelty 9...a6 is so strong. 

    In Chapter 18  after the calmer 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.e5, the author deviates from the common 4...Nfd7 5.d4 c5 in favor of 4...Ne4!? 5.Ne2 Ng5!? 6.Nxg5 Qxg5 7.d4 Qd8


    The author summing up that ‘’We have reached a normal French structure, where the absence of one pair of knights nullifies Black's space problems.’’ Even 8.Be3 cannot stop the typical 8...c5 and the featured game Roy Chowdhury-Drozdovskij remained balanced and was drawn on move 34.

    Chapter 19 is devoted to 2.b3 d5 3.Bb2, connected with a pawn sacrifice. Black is by no means obliged to accept it and in this sense 3...c5 seems reasonable.


    An idea of locking the big diagonal with d5-d4 is in the air, so 4.exd5 exd5 5.Nf3 Nc6 looks natural. Next, to 6.d4 Nf6 an instructive comment ''leads to a very pleasant isolani position, as the c3-square is weak'' is coming and it says a lot in few words. And 6.Bb5 is met by the subtle 6...Qe7! 7.Qe2 Qxe2 8.Kxe2, when the author suggests the original 8...Ne7 9.Re1 f6 and the king will feel comfortable on f7. His approach may also serve well to the Sicilian adherents in order to meet this fianchetto system. 

    The next short section is treating 2.f4. Marin begins with the principled 2...d5 3.e5 in Chapter 20 and continues in the same spirit with 3...c5 4.Nf3 Nc6


    Remarkably enough, the author goes nearly two centuries back in his research and picks up ideas from the match Mcdonnell - Labourdonnais! After 5.c3 Nh6 6.Na3 f6 the provided examples prove that the pawn exchange, followed by Nf5, Be7, and castling is quite good for Black.

    Less challenging is 3.Nc3, as revealed in Chapter 21.


    The concrete 3...dxe4! 4.Nxe4 Nf6! 5.Nxf6 Qxf6 is very strong. 6.d4 is relatively best, but even then 6...c5 can make White regret about touching his f-pawn so early in the game.

    Chapters 22-24 are dealing with 2.d3 or the so-called King's Indian Attack. In this and the next two lines, Marin has recommended the same setup as in his Hedgehog database against the same white system. Marin is following his concept with 2...c5 3.g3 b6 4.Bg2 Bb7 5.Nf3 d6 6.0-0 Nf6 and White is at crossroads:


    In Chapter 22, 7.Nc3 is studied - a move, which is more typical for the Closed Sicilian. However, here the other knight is on the way of the f-pawn. 7...Be7 is natural and the attempt to free it by 8.Ne1 is met by the clever innovation 8...Nc6 9.f4 Qd7!?, preparing to castle long as well. White must think twice before further advances on the kingside in order not to find himself under attack. His best may well be 8.Re1 a6 9.d4 cxd4 10.Nxd4, even though it ’’reaches an inoffensive Scheveningen setup with a tempo less for White.’’  

    In Chapter 23 Marin proposes a slightly unusual Hedgehog set-up to 7.c4, namely 7...g6 8.Nc3 Bg7 9.Re1 0-0 10.d4 cxd4 11.Nxd4 a6


    This position was reached in Ding Liren-Kramnik from the recent Candidates tournament. The Chinese GM tried to get to the vulnerable d6-pawn as quickly as possible - 12.b3 Nbd7 13.Ba3 Nc5 14.b4!? Ncd7 15.b5, but 15...Ne8! 16.Rc1 Ne5 17.Qe2 axb5 18.Ndxb5 g5! with ...f5 coming next, demonstrated the hidden resources of Black’s spring!  

    In Chapter 24 the consequent 7.Nbd2 comes into the limelight.


    After 7...Be7 8.Re1 0-0 9.c3 Nc6 the author proves that Black is doing fine after 10.d4 c:d4 11.c:d4 Nb4!


    Black has more than sufficient play on the queenside.

    Of course, before going for the advance d3-d4, White can make the preparatory 10.a3


    With his last move, White prevents all the Nb4-based ideas. In the future, however, the a3-pawn could be used as a hook. Marin's analysis goes 10...Rc8 11.d4 cxd4 12.cxd4 b5! (the key to counterplay!) 13.b3 b4! 14.a4 Na5 and only then Qb6. Marin makes it clear that the advance of the e-pawn is not dangerous for Black. Take note of his identical improvements on moves 14 and 16 in the featured game Amin-Vachier Lagrave!

    The last chapter 25 features several possible transpositions to aforementioned lines. Marin shows that White cannot deviate with interest in case of 2.c4 d5 3.exd5 exd5, when 4.d4 leads us back to Chapter 16 or 2.Qe2 c5 3.d3 b6 4.g3 Bb7, explaining that ''its main idea is to transpose to the King's Indian attack, a system where the queen does not always go to e2 in the scheme recommended above in the repertoire''.

    The same belongs to 2.d4 d5 3.Bd3 c5, while after 3.Qf3 dxe4 4.Qxe4 Nf6, followed by a timely c7-c5, Black has every chance to seize the initiative right in the opening.